Python is a powerful programming language that has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its readability, simplicity, and flexibility. It is an incredibly versatile language, with a wide range of applications in data analysis, machine learning, web development, and more. Python is an excellent choice for beginners, as it is easy to learn and comes equipped with a vast library of tools and resources. In this tutorial, we will explore the main features of Python programming language that make it such a powerful tool.

Features of Python

Below are some of the main features of Python programming language which has made it so popular amongst the coders community.

  • Python is Free to download - Python language is freely available for download at the official website.
  • Python is open source - The source code of the python language is openly available for use to the public.
  • Python is a High-Level Language - This means that while programming in Python we do not need to bother about lower level details like the machine architecture, machine language etc.
  • Python is platform independent - Same Python code can be run on any platform e.g. Python code originally written for windows can be run on other platforms such as Linux, Unix, and Mac without any changes.
  • Python is an interpreted language - Python is an interpreted language and not compiled. In other words Python code is executed line by line. It is easier to debug Python code because Python code is interpreted one line at a time.
  • Python is easier to learn - Python is easier to learn as compared to other programming languages like C++, C#, PHP, JavaScript, Java, etc. Python has a simple and uncomplicated syntax which makes it developer-friendly language i.e. it is easier to code in Python as compared to other programming languages.
  • Python is easier to read - Python was designed with readability in mind. Unlike other programming languages, the code blocks in Python are defined by indentations rather than by semicolons or brackets.
  • Python is Dynamically Typed - In a dynamically typed language the datatype of a variable (string, int, float, double, long, etc.) is decided at run time. Hence developers do not have to specify the datatype of the variable.
  • Python allocates Memory dynamically - As variable's datatype need not be specified beforehand in Python, the memory is also allocated to the variable at runtime.
  • Python supports Object-Oriented Programmings (OOPS) - Python supports the concepts of object-oriented programming like classes, objects, polymorphism etc. We are going to learn these concepts in detail in the tutorials to come in this course.
  • Python supports procedure-oriented programming as well - Besides supporting OOPS concepts Python also supports the concepts of procedural programming i.e. it focuses on functions as well.
  • Python is an Extensible language -  This means that Python code can be written and compiled into other programming languages like C or C++ .
  • Python has a large Standard Library - In Python lot of large, complex and time consuming problems have already been solved for developers and saved as modules and packages in Pythons large standard libraries.
  • Python supports Graphical interface - Many python libraries are available to create graphical user interface (GUI) in Python. Some libraries that can be used for this purpose are - PyQt5, PyQt4, wxPython, or Tk in python.
  • Python is Multipurpose Programming language - Python is very flexible and can be used to develop desktop applications as well as web apps. It can also be used to code complex scientific and data analytics applications.
  • Python can be used in Front-end of Web development - Using some easy to use frameworks like pyscript, we can use Python code in HTML and accomplish some front-end tasks.
  • Python can be used in Back-end Web development - Python is extensively used for back-end development and has some very popular frameworks like Django and Flask.

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